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A Game Theory Based Interaction Strategy between Residential Users and an Electric Company
Jidong Wang, Kaijie Fang*, Yuhao Yang*, Yinchen Shi*, Daoqiang Xu** and Shuangshuang Zhao**
Abstract With the development of smart grid technology, it has become a hotspot to increase benefits of both residential users and electric power companies through demand response technology and interactive technology. In this paper, the game theory is introduced to the interaction between residential users and an electric company, making a mutually beneficial situation for the two. This paper solves the problem of electricity pricing and load shifting in the interactive behavior by building the game-theoretic process, proposing the interaction strategy and doing the optimization. In the simulation results, the residential users decrease their cost by 11% mainly through shifting the thermal loads and the electric company improves its benefits by 5.6% though electricity pricing. Simulation analysis verifies the validity of the proposed method and shows great revenue for the economy of both sides.
Keyword Interaction, Game theory, Optimization, Demand response
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